Declining infant and child mortality, in which immunization plays an important role, leads to lower birth rates.
Key Evidence: Declining child mortality results in decreased fertility (birth rates), influencing a demographic transition on the national and regional scale. Improvements in public health are at the heart of the this transition due to improved sanitation, immunization programs, antibiotics, and contraceptives.
Bloom, D.E., Canning, D. and Sevilla, J. 2003. The demographic dividend: A new perspective on the economic consequences of population change. Santa Monica, USA: RAND (Report).View Publication >