Episodes of illness due to outbreaks can cause catastrophic health expenditures to a household from medical and non-medical out-of-pocket expenditures. – VoICE
Key Concept

Key Evidence: A 2006-07 meningococcal meningitis epidemic in Burkina Faso cost households an average of US$90 for each case of meningitis that occurred. These costs — representing nearly 2.5 months of the average per capita income for that year — included direct and indirect costs of treatment and lost income to caretakers.

Colombini A, Bationo F, Zongo S, et al. 2009. Costs for households and community perception of meningitis outbreaks in Burkina Faso. Clinical Infectious Disease. 49(10).
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