Key Concept

Key Evidence: In an analysis of statewide survey data collected in Bihar, India, researchers reported that female newborns had significantly lower odds of receiving care if ill compared to male newborns (80.6% vs. 89.1%) and lower odds of having a postnatal check up visit within a month of birth (5.4% vs. 7.3%). This gender inequity is more pronounced among families at lower wealth levels and those with higher numbers of siblings.

Vilms, R.J., McDougal, L., Atmavilas, Y., et al. 2017. Gender inequities in curative and preventative health care use among infants in Bihar, India.. Journal of Global Health. 7(2).
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Key Evidence: A study that examined the gender gap in immunization coverage in a rural area of Bangladesh showed that poverty, low maternal education, and second or higher birth order had a stronger negative effect on the likelihood of full immunization coverage for girls compared to boys. In other words, girls from households in this area that were below the poverty line were 11% less likely to be fully immunized than boys from households below the poverty line. Girls were also 6% less likely than boys to be fully vaccinated if their mothers did not attend high school and 5% less likely than boys to be vaccinated if they were not the first born child in the family.

Hanifi, S.M., Ravn, H., Aaby, P., et al. 2018. Where girls are less likely to be fully vaccinated than boys: Evidence from a rural area in Bangladesh. Vaccines. online April 2018.
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