VoICE Immunization Evidence: Conflict and Humanitarian emergencies
Immunizing populations during complex humanitarian emergencies can help protect populations who are especially vulnerable to malnutrition and its effects.
Key Evidence: An analysis conducted in areas of Ethiopia with high proportions of refugees found that high measles vaccination coverage was linked to lower rates of acute malnutrition (wasting) in children under five. For each percentage point increase in measles vaccination coverage, there was a 0.65% decrease in the rate of acute malnutrition in these areas.
From the VoICE Editors: The analysis was conducted on data from more than 150 nutrition surveys.
Altare C, Delbiso TD, Guha-Sapir D 2016. Child wasting in emergency pockets: a meta-analysis of small-scale surveys from Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 13(178).
Key Evidence: Malnutrition is a leading contributor to morbidity and mortality during humanitarian emergencies, and a cyclical relationship exists between malnutrition and infectious diseases. Universal immunization programs have been shown to improve the height and weight measurement markers associated with malnutrition.
Close, R.M., Pearson, C., Cohn J. 2016. Vaccine-preventable disease and the under-utilization of immunizations in complex humanitarian emergencies.. Vaccine. 34(39):4649-55.c.