Key Concept

Key Evidence: Adults who were born after the implementation of India’s Universal Immunization Program (UIP) attained 0.18–0.29 additional grades of schooling compared to adults born before the UIP was implemented in their district of residence. According to the researchers, these findings indicate that childhood immunization could improve adult schooling attainment in India by as much as 10%.

Nandi, A., Kumar, S., Shet, A., Bloom, D. E., & Laxminarayan, R. 2020. Childhood vaccinations and adult schooling attainment: Long-term evidence from India’s Universal Immunization Programme. Social Science & Medicine. 250.
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Key Evidence: In a cohort study of 4,877 children using data from the India Human Development Survey, full vaccination was estimated to increase basic reading, writing and math achievements by 6-12% in children 8-11 years old. These results support the hypothesis that vaccination has lasting effects on children’s learning achievements.

Arsenault, C., Harper, S., & Nandi, A. 2020. Effect of vaccination on children’s learning achievements: Findings from the India Human Development Survey. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
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