VoICE Immunization Evidence: Antibiotic Resistance
Key Evidence: A study of sickle cell disease patients in Ghana found that pneumoccocus bacteria found in their noses and throats had high rates of drug resistance with 37% of positive samples resistant to penicillin and 34% resistant to multiple drugs (typically penicillin + tetracycline + cotrimoxazole).
Dayie NTK, Tetteh-Ocloo G, Labi A-K et al. 2018. Pneumococcal carriage among sickle cell disease patients in Accra, Ghana: Risk factors, serotypes and antibiotic resistance. PLoS One. 13(11).