Key Concept

Key Evidence: The use of antenatal care (ANC) services among pregnant adolescents in low- and middle-income countries, including tetanus toxoid vaccination, was lowest among women who lived in rural areas, had completed less education, and who were of poorer wealth quintiles.

Banke-Thomas QE, Banke-Thomas AO, Ameh CA 2017. Factors influencing ultilisation of maternal health services by adolescent mothers in Low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 17(65).
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Key Evidence: In a Southwest state of Nigeria, children in the poorest category (quintile) of households were 14 times more likely to be partially immunized or not immunized, and those in the next poorest category were eight times more likely to be partially immunized or not immunized than children in the wealthiest group, after adjusting for factors such as education, religion, and ethnicity.

Ijarotimi KT, Fatiregun AA, Adebiyi OA et al 2018. Urban-rural differences in immunization status and associated demographic factors among children 12-59 months in a southwestern state, Nigeria. PLoS One. 13(11).
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