VoICE Immunization Evidence: Economic growth and productivity

Key Idea

For every 6 children vaccinated against measles in a poor, largely rural community in South Africa, one additional grade of schooling was achieved.

Anekwe, T.D., Newell, M., Tanser, F., et al 2015. The causal effect of childhood measles vaccination on educational attainment: A mother fixed-effects study in rural South Africa. Vaccine. 33:5020-6.

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In 1996, a follow-up study was conducted on a 1974 randomized trial of tetanus and cholera vaccine administered to mothers. At the time of follow up in 1996, there was a clear pattern of increased educational attainment among children whose mothers received tetanus vaccine during pregnancy. This pattern was significant for the group of children born to vaccinated mothers with very low levels of education.

Canning, D., Razzaque, A., Driessen, J., et al 2011. The effect of maternal tetanus immunization on children’s schooling attainment in Matlab, Bangladesh: Follow-up of a randomized trial. Social Science and Medicine. 72:1429-36.

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