VoICE Immunization Evidence: Health Program Sustainability and Integration
Immunization programs provide opportunities for cost-sharing and external funding when used alongside other health interventions.
This study investigated the cost-effectiveness of multiple interventions against childhood pneumonia (including vaccination), and found that different combinations of expanded vaccine coverage with community or facility-based management, nutritional programs, or indoor air pollution measures, maximized child health by providing the greatest health yield per dollar spent.
Niessen, L., ten Hove, A., Hilderink, H., et al 2009. Comparative impact assessment of child pneumonia interventions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 87:472-80.
A systematic review of studies examining the broader economic impact of vaccination in low-middle income countries (LMICs) found that vaccination programs may improve the financial sustainability and affordability of healthcare programs in LMICs. The use of vaccines as part of a treatment cluster, or in combination with other infrastructure projects (such as water management systems) to maximize community health outcomes, offers opportunities for cost sharing between programs.
Deoganakar, R., Hutubessy, R., van der Putten, I., et al 2012. Systematic review of studies evaluating the broader economic impact of vaccination in low and middle income countries. BMC Public Health. 12:878.