VoICE Immunization Evidence: Growth, Development, and Nutrition
Undernutrition is a significant risk factor for disease and death in young children, making vaccination especially critical for this population.
An analysis of undernutrition and mortality in young children found that among the principal causes of death, 60.7% of deaths occurred as a result of diarrhea, 52.3% of deaths occurred as a result of pneumonia, 44.8% of deaths occurred as a result of measles, and 57.3% of deaths occurred as a result of malaria are attributable to undernutrition.
Caulfield, L.E., de Onis, M., and Black, R.E. 2004. Undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria and measles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 80:193-8.