VoICE Immunization Evidence

High Streptococcus pneumoniae colonization prevalence among HIV-infected Kenyan parents in the year before pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction

Authored by: Conklin, L.M., Bigogo, G., Jagero, G., et al

Appears in:

Key Idea

Kenyan parents who were HIV positive were 16% more likely to be carriers of pneumococcal bacteria than HIV negative parents living in the same compounds. HIV positive parents in poorer health (those with a CD4 count below 250) were at a significantly greater risk of being pneumococcal carriers.

Key Idea

Among all parents (HIV positive and negative) in this study in Kenya, 99% of pneumococcal strains found and tested were resistant to one or more antibiotics.16% more strains carried by HIV positive parents were resistant to penicillin than those carried by HIV negative parents.

Published In

Conklin, L.M., Bigogo, G., Jagero, G., et al 2016. High Streptococcus pneumoniae colonization prevalence among HIV-infected Kenyan parents in the year before pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction. BMC Infectious Disease. 16:18.