VoICE Immunization Evidence: Disease Eradication
Investments made in polio eradication contributed to broader health goals both during and after eradication efforts are completed.
Tens of millions of volunteers, social mobilizers, and health workers have participated in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The program contributes to efforts to deliver other health benefits, including health systems strengthening. Polio eradication legacy efforts include documenting and applying the lessons learned from polio eradication, and transitioning the capacities, assets and processes of polio to other key health priorities.
Leveraging infrastructure, personnel and expertise stemming from polio eradication allowed Nigeria to quickly halt the spread of Ebola in 2014.
In October 2012, responding to the declaration by the World Health Organization of polio eradication as a global public health emergency, and to improve its national response, the Government of Nigeria used the Incident Management System (IMS) to establish a national Emergency Operations Center (EOC) as part of a new national emergency plan for the global polio eradication initiative. The use of IMS through the EOC changed the operational tempo, accountability measures, and programmatic success of the polio program. This existing infrastructure was leveraged to contain the outbreak of Ebola.
The approach to polio eradication in the Americas has already been leveraged for the control and tracking of measles and rubella.
In the Americas, a platform built to secure polio eradication has been expanded to help track, control, prevent and monitor immunization impact for measles and rubella. In India, highly trained polio health workers have become the basis for a trained workforce working towards the elimination of measles and rubella and helping ensure India’s certification by WHO for having eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus.