VoICE Immunization Evidence
Externalities in program evaluation: the impact of a women’s empowerment program on immunization
Key Evidence: An impact evaluation for a women’s empowerment program in India found that the children of mothers who participated the empowerment program were significantly more likely to be vaccinated against DTP, measles, and tuberculosis than children of mothers not involved in the program. This study also found that the women’s empowerment program had positive spillover effects: In villages where the program occurred, children of mothers not in the program (non-participants) were 9 to 32% more likely to be immunized against measles than in villages where the program did not occur (controls). Overall, measles vaccine coverage was nearly 25% higher in the program villages compared to the control villages.
Janssens, W 2011. Externalities in program evaluation: the impact of a women’s empowerment program on immunization. Journal of the European Economic Association. 9(11):1082–1113.