Vaccine Resources

This page provides links to a variety of informational resources related to immunization. These resources provide important background information on a variety of vaccine-related topics that are not captured in the VoICE Knowledge Hub. Below, find partner resources ranging from reports to policy recommendations.

Disease burden estimates

This section contains global, regional, and country-level child disease burden and cause of death evidence. It also contains data from WHO Member States on vaccine-preventable disease cases and links to user-friendly disease burden visualizations.

Who Cause of child mortality estimates
Pie graph of causes of deaths among children under 5 years, 2016

UNICEF Cause of death data 

Cause of death data sheet (2018)

UNICEF Child Health Database 

Regional and country-level data on cause-specific child deaths:

WHO Global Health Observatory data, Causes of child mortality

Source of WHO cause of death estimates:

Liu et al. Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2000–13, with projections to inform post-2015 priorities: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet 2014. S0140-6736(14)61698-6

Annual number of reported cases of vaccine-preventable diseases

Information is from the WHO Global and Regional Immunization Profiles
Note: The number of reported cases may underestimate the true number of cases in areas of low access to care or limited resources. Data on the number of reported cases is also dependent on routine, high quality data collection.

Global data

Regional data

Additional disease burden estimates and visualizations

Data visualizations and estimates from the Global Burden of Disease approach, Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)

Vaccine coverage estimates

Here we have global, regional, and country-level data on vaccine coverage for 15 childhood vaccines. Data are from annual official reports by WHO Member States and are the most current WHO/UNICEF estimates. The data are reported through the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form and the WHO Regional offices.

Visualizations of Vaccine Coverage

VIEW-hub is an interactive, map-based platform created by the International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC). VIEW-hub provides a rich set of maps and visualizations for several vaccines based on:

  • Immunization Equity
  • Vaccine Preventable Disease Burden
  • Vaccine Introduction & Use
  • Vaccine Impact Studies
  • Immunization System Strength
Screenshot of WUENIC Coverage map
Screenshot of WUENIC Coverage Profile of India

Updates to the global coverage numbers are also published quarterly here.

Estimates of vaccine coverage from WHO-UNIICEF

Information is from the WHO-UNICEF estimates of vaccine coverage

National coverage estimates by vaccine, 2018 (excel sheet)

Link to tables of country coverage estimates per each vaccine

Global data

Regional data

Additional WHO Vaccine Data, statistics, and graphics can be found here

Global vaccine recommendations and schedules

Here you can find country-specific immunization schedules and the WHO-recommended schedules, as well as the WHO positions and recommendations for each vaccine-preventable disease.

WHO recommended immunization schedules

Information is from the WHO Vaccine Position Papers. Positions and recommendations were developed by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE), the principal advisory group to WHO for global vaccine policies and strategies.

WHO Recommended Schedule for Routine Immunizations in Children

WHO Recommended Schedule for Routine Immunizations for all ages

WHO Position Papers by disease

Cholera – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Dengue – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Diphtheria – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Hepatitis B – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

HPV – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Influenza – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Malaria – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Measles – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Meningococcal – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Mumps – Full text of the WHO position paper

Pertussis – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Pneumococcal disease – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Polio – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Rabies – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Rotavirus – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Rubella – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Tetanus – Summary and Full text of the WHO position paper

Tuberculosis – Full text of the WHO position paper

Vaccine Schedule by country

To see a country’s vaccine schedule using this tool, select the country from the drop-down list and press “select all vaccines”.

Background information on vaccine-preventable diseases

This section contains comprehensive information on vaccine-preventable diseases and their respective vaccines. This information is provided by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention background information

Information is from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (found here)


Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib)

Hepatitis B







Pneumococcal disease






Global programs and reports

Here, we compiled a list of global reports and links to disease-specific programs that might provide helpful background information on immunization programs.

Global Vaccine Action Plans

Global Vaccine Action Plan

State of Inequality: Childhood Immunization — WHO report with interactive visualizations of health data

Immunization: Keeping children alive and healthy — UNICEF report on childhood immunization

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance – Vaccine Support

Advocacy resources from Gavi

Disease-specific global programs and action plans

Global Polio Eradication Initiative

Global Measles and Rubella Strategic Plan 2012-2020

Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea

Ending Cholera: A Global Roadmap to 2030

Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination

The End TB Strategy

Global Action Plan for Influenza Vaccines

Global Hepatitis Program

Global Malaria Program

Disease-specific global reports

Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report, 2018

The Missing Piece, Pneumonia Report, 2018

Global Polio Eradication Initiative Annual Report, 2017

Stop the Cycle of Diarrheal Disease: A State of the Field Report, 2017

Fighting for Breath: A call to action on childhood pneumonia, 2017

Cholera Vaccine Report, 2017

Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases Report, 2019

Global Tuberculosis Report, 2019

World Malaria Report, 2018

Additional Resources

Additional Vaccine Resources

Gavi advocacy resources – Facts and figures 

VIEW-hub: Vaccine Information and Epidemiology Window

Immunization Economics

Stop Pneumonia

ROTA Council

Cervical Cancer Prevention Initiative

World Hepatitis Alliance

Immunization Financing: A Resource Guide for Advocates, Policymakers, and Program Managers