VoICE Immunization Evidence

Interactions of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition in childhood: recent evidence from developing countries

Authored by: Schlaudecker, E.P., Steinhoff, M.C. and Moore, S.R.

Appears in:

Key Concept

Key Evidence: In a recent review of data from developing countries, researchers found that episodes of diarrhea may predispose undernourished children to pneumonia.

Key Concept

Key Evidence: Multiple studies show that

  1. Diarrhea and pneumonia impair children’s growth and that underlying malnutrition is a major risk factor for these conditions.
  2. “Episodes of diarrhea may predispose to pneumonia in undernourished children” and
  3. Immunization against influenza (in mothers) and Streptococcus pneumoniae may improve infant growth. In addition, new studies from Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, and Israel further support the paradigm that malnutrition is a key risk factor for diarrhea and pneumonia.

Published In

Schlaudecker, E.P., Steinhoff, M.C. and Moore, S.R. 2011. Interactions of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition in childhood: recent evidence from developing countries. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 24:496-502.