VoICE Immunization Evidence: Population Inequity
Introduction of new vaccines has created opportunities for greater health access for adolescents in high-risk settings.
Previous studies show that the prevalence of HIV-related risk behaviors and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among incarcerated adolescents is high. Most adolescents with a sentence to serve time in a U.S. correctional facility are offered preventive vaccination against hepatitis B. Medical clinics in correctional facilities have the ability to provide vaccination services to these adolescents who may not otherwise seek or have access to preventive health services.
The funding of new vaccines for the elderly through public assistance has had a positive effect on prescribing of the same vaccine for private purchase recipients.
A publicly funded 23vPPV (23 valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine) program in Victoria, Australia, not only dramatically increased vaccination coverage among the elderly in the public purchase program but, in other Australian States and Territories that did not have a public program, the number of prescriptions issued for 23vPPV actually increased over the same period.