Value of Immunization: Global Issues
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of certain strains of microorganisms to develop partial or complete resistance to antibiotics, rendering the antibiotic ineffective to treat the disease or condition. Antibiotic resistant infections carry high treatment costs and can threaten the security of others, increasing the importance of prevention for those vaccine-preventable diseases prone to the development of antibiotic resistance. Related information can be found in the Economics and Health Security sections.
Conflict and Humanitarian emergencies
Humanitarian emergencies and infectious diseases have a mutually negative impact on one another. Crisis settings like refugee camps, war zones and communities hit by natural disasters are often plagued by factors that increase the risk and severity of infectious diseases. Malnutrition, poverty, crowding, complicating health issues and minimal or no access to medicine and other treatment services are common, and increase the importance of disease prevention efforts like immunization and clean water. At the same time, the unchecked spread of potentially vaccine-preventable diseases in these communities can further destabilize already fragile communities and dramatically increase suffering.
Health security refers to the importation of diseases across international borders that may present a threat to domestic disease control. Disease prevention worldwide through immunization is critical for increasing domestic health security. The increasing Antibiotic Resistance of some diseases, such as pneumococcal disease and tuberculosis, is especially worrisome given the high cost of treatment and capacity for these diseases to spread. The spread of disease across borders can have serious Economic consequences.