Value of Immunization: Equity

Topics

A woman carrying vaccines

Search for immunization evidence

The VoICE tool allows you to search for research studies and published evidence based on a topic, location, and disease or vaccine.

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Pneumonia vaccines and poverty

Childhood pneumonia takes the lives of nearly 100 children each hour, and disproportionately affects children in the poorest households. Read on to find out how vaccines protecting against pneumonia can be our secret weapons in the war on poverty.

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Equity

Equity Icon
The Equity topic in VoICE examines the many ways in which equity can be measured – geographically, socially, economically, by disease risk, etc. – and frames nearly every aspect of vaccine-preventable disease distribution and vaccine impact. We cover inequities in the distribution and risk of disease, and of death, as well as factors contributing to differential access to, or uptake of, some vaccines. Under the Equity topic, we also highlight evidence that illustrates how vaccines can be a tool to promote equity.
People paddling a canoe

Geographic inequity

Many vaccine-preventable diseases are inequitably distributed geographically. For example, children living in urban communities may be at increased or decreased risk of a given disease due to specific disease risk factors, access to primary health care services and treatment, etc. Geographic inequity may also refer to the geographic distribution of vaccines. Some distant or rural communities are harder to reach, both with preventive and treatment services. Geographic inequity may also overlap with factors associated with wealth inequity or educational inequity. For example, some rural populations may have lower wealth and educational attainment than an urban population in the same region.

Population Inequity

Population inequity relates to inequities experienced because of the sub-group one is categorized in to. Examples include the elderly, children, and private or publicly funded healthcare recipients. Better equality can be realized through immunization of disadvantaged or high-risk populations including the elderly or those who live in Poverty.

Women sitting with their babies

Education Inequity

Educational inequities are difference in the learning results experienced by those coming from different groups. A strong association exists between parental education and the educational outcomes of their children.

Women gathered together

Gender Inequity

Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment of, or outcomes in, individuals of different genders. Immunization against vaccine preventable diseases can impact gender inequity partially through its impact on Educational Inequity.

Children next to guardian

Wealth inequity

Wealth inequities arise from differences in acquisition of or possession of wealth. Immunization programs, in addition to its impact on the general wealth equity of the population, are found to be most Cost Effective in the lower income and those living in Poverty. This can contribute to greater Health Equity for these populations.

Child getting an immunization shot

Health inequity

Health inequities are reflected in differences in the distribution of disease and illness within a given population. Health inequity limits people’s ability to gain access to resources and experiences required for health and well-being. Immunization is important in as vaccine preventable diseases disproportionately affect those in poorer overall health. Through immunization, Herd Effect can protect those unable to be vaccinated and in general improves the equity of health outcomes.

A woman carrying vaccines

Search for immunization evidence

The VoICE tool allows you to search for research studies and published evidence based on a topic, location, and disease or vaccine.

Search VoICE

Pneumonia vaccines and poverty

Childhood pneumonia takes the lives of nearly 100 children each hour, and disproportionately affects children in the poorest households. Read on to find out how vaccines protecting against pneumonia can be our secret weapons in the war on poverty.

Learn More